Succulents have already become one of the preferred plants to use in decoration. Beautiful, elegant and easy to maintain, these plants are very suitable for those who are not very experienced with gardening, but would like to add a little green to the environment. And one of the useful information to learn about these species concerns planting. Do you know how to grow succulents?
After all, you can purchase these plants at the florist’s, but it is also possible to make seedlings and even transplant the succulent to a bigger – or more beautiful – pot. And to help you learn how to grow succulents, we’ve created this guide full of essential information to understand how to plant and care for these plants.
What is a succulent?
Before learning how to grow a succulent, it is important to answer the following question – what is a succulent? These plants are known to have very thick roots, stalks or leaves, as these parts are used to store water. After all, succulents are typical of arid and dry places and have developed these characteristics in order to survive and thrive in an environment with a shortage of water and even nutrients in the soil.
And this arid environment, which can be hostile to the growth of many species, is not harmful to succulents. After all, in addition to having this water storage feature, succulents have also developed other survival strategies to capture the little moisture in these dry environments. Therefore, you can find succulents with leaves and stems covered with hair, capable of capturing even dew, and waxes, which prevent the loss of water through evaporation.
For these reasons, these plants are more resistant and require less care in terms of maintenance, such as few watering and resistance to exposure to sunlight, characteristics that attract a lot of people.
The most interesting thing is that there are thousands of succulents cataloged in the world. To give you an idea of this diversity, more than 22,000 species have been identified across the planet. However, there are succulents that are recurrent in Brazilian homes, that’s why we share a specific article on the main types of succulents, which will help you choose the right succulent to grow in your home.
Image 1: By learning how to plant succulents, you can have your favorite plants in the pots you want.
How to plant succulents: Learn step by step
Now that you know its definition, it’s time to learn how to grow succulents. To be successful in this procedure, it is necessary to follow some basic instructions, which will be very useful for your succulent to grow in a healthy way. Remember that there are several “recipes” to carry out this procedure, but we chose a very simple one, to help you carry out this planting. Check the necessary materials and the step by step to follow.
Materials for planting a succulent
- Seedling or sample of your favorite succulent
- Vase with holes
- construction sand
- vegetable earth
- White stones, rolled pebbles, mosses or other material for the decoration of the vase (optional)
Step by step to plant a succulent
- Choose the pot to carry out the planting. Give preference to containers with holes for the water to drain. Succulents do not like very wet soil;
- Add gravel to the bottom of the vase, until it fills one third of the container. In large pots, you can use expanded clay;
- Add a little water to moisten the gravel layer;
- Then put a layer of moss on;
- Then add a layer of sand, which will also help to drain the water;
- The next step is to spread the earth in the pot. No need to knead, because it is necessary to leave the soil soft and loose;
- Now make small holes in the soil and add the succulent seedlings. If the seedling is already in a container with soil, it is necessary to use the maximum amount of soil from the original pot, as the plant is already used;
- Then cover the plant with soil, shaping the soil to hold the succulent firmly in place;
- If desired, add pebbles, moss and other materials to decorate the surface of the vase.
Image 2: If desired, use a suitable shovel or spoon to add soil to the pot in which you are planting.
How to plant succulents: learn to make seedlings
Succulents are such amazing plants that they can reproduce through the method of vegetative propagation. This means that you can simply plant a succulent leaf in the ground, for example, and the plant will grow and develop. You can use other parts of the plant, but the seedling created from the leaf is the easiest way to do this process. With this seedling, you can go through the step-by-step how to plant succulents shown above and you will have a beautiful, healthy plant.
To learn how to create a seedling from the succulent leaf, just follow the instructions below.
- Remove the leaves from the chosen succulent. Give preference to healthy, large leaves without bruises. To remove it correctly, tear off the leaf from the part that is stuck to the stem and be careful not to break it;
- Leave the leaves to dry for a day and the next day put them in the vase;
- To prepare the seedling, choose a container with holes to drain the water, and add a bed of sand and a bed of earth. Water well before adding leaves;
- Place the leaf on the ground – no burying is necessary. Leave the vase in a well-lit place, but not in direct sunlight. Also, keep the earth moist at all times;
- After 7 days, the leaf will start to develop root. However, in some species this formation process can be faster. After rooting, you can transfer the seedling to individual pots, following the step-by-step instructions shown above;
- When leaf sprouting starts, you can add a ready-made foliar fertilizer to accelerate growth. This fertilization can be done every 15 days.
Image 3: After approximately seven days, the leaf will begin to develop root structure. You can arrange multiple leaves in the same pot and then transfer these seedlings to individual pots, following the instructions in the topic “how to plant succulents”.
Extra tips for taking care of your succulent
We’ve already shared a specific article with step-by-step instructions for caring for your succulent. So this time we’re going to offer you extra but important tips that will help your plant grow and stay healthy and beautiful. Check out the tips below.
How to Plant Succulents: Beware of Pests
Succulents can also develop pests such as scale insects and aphids. If these bugs appear, immediately isolate your plant, so that pests do not spread to other species that you may have in your apartment or house. One of the ways to combat the problem is through the use of Need oil, which can be used, with the aid of a cotton swab, to remove the insects one by one. It is then advisable to spray the oil on the plant every time you water it, until the problem is resolved.
Image 4: With the help of a cotton swab, it is much easier to remove the small scale insects from your succulent.
How to Plant Succulents: Beware of Watering
If you use a ceramic vase, you will have to water it more often, as this material accelerates the evaporation of water from the soil. However, before watering your succulent, make sure the soil is dry and water it until the water runs out from under the pot. Also, during watering, avoid splashing water on the leaves, as this can cause them to rot. Another important tip is to always remove the water from the dish that is under the vase. Remember that succulents are used to dry environments and therefore do not like contact with too much water.
Image 5: Be careful not to soak the pot with water and only water when you notice that the soil is getting drier. Watering once a week is ideal, but this varies depending on the climate in your region.
How to Plant Succulents: Right Light
Succulents like the sun. Depending on the species, indirect lighting alone will not be enough for the good development of the plant. Therefore, it is important to leave them near the window or outside your home.
Image 6: Most succulents need a lot of light to develop. But remember to check what needs are related to the type of succulents you have at home.
How to Plant Succulents: Choose the Right Pot
Choosing the right pot for planting deserves your care and attention. After all, this container is not only useful for planting, but also for decorating your garden or your home. However, there are several options of pots that you can use to carry out this planting. Remembering that it is important that all of them have a hole, so that the water drains correctly, since the succulent does not like too much moisture. Check out the examples below.
The clay vase is the most traditional type that exists. It is already used for planting various species and can also be used for planting succulents. They are used in both more rustic and more classic decorations. However, to make the environment look even more beautiful, you can create a garden with several clay pots in different sizes and shapes. In addition, it is also possible to plant several species in the same pot.
Image 7: Clay vases have a rustic look and are already traditional in Brazilian homes. They are useful for planting any plant species.
Image 8: In addition, the contrast between the green of the plant and the brown of the pot creates a beautiful and rustic look.
Cement pots are suitable for small and medium-sized plants – that’s why they can be used for planting succulents. They tend to take up more space and draw more attention, so it’s important to think about how to add them to the room, especially if the vase is decorated.
Image 9: Cement vases are useful to decorate the interior of your home, giving a modern touch to your decor, especially if they are decorated with stripes.
Image 10: But you can also use vases decorated with phrases.
Mini vases are widely used in the interior decoration of houses and apartments. Small and discreet, they have a delicate look and can add to the whole decor. In addition, they look more charming together, accompanied by other mini vases.
Image 11: The colored mini vases have a more delicate look, which is more evident when there are several copies together.
Image 12: However, if you want a more fun decoration, you can invest in mini succulents vases decorated with designs.
The ceramic vase conveys elegance and sophistication to the environment. Therefore, it is generally used indoors, to decorate the environment.
Image 13: Ceramic vases with geometric design give modernity and elegance to the environment.
Image 14: But you can also opt for rounded models.
Other types of vase
There are several types of containers, with different shapes and sizes that can be used to plant succulents, such as glass vases, used in terrariums, stone vases, and metal containers, among others. Remember that you can also mix your succulent with other plants, such as cacti, creating a very rich and diverse decor, which will positively impact your decor.
Image 15: This open terrarium with succulents and cactuses was created using a bronze vase as a container. The result of the arrangement is beautiful!
Image 16: However, you can also create an arrangement using a large cement pot.
Image 17: In addition, you can use a large glass container, which allows the soil layers to also act as decorative elements.
Image 18: This decorated cachepot vase makes any room prettier.
Image 19: But you can also use cups as a vase holder. In this case, it is not recommended to use the cup as a vase, but as a support, as it is not possible to drill holes in this object.
Image 20: However, you can plant your succulents almost anywhere! In this case, the fountain took on a new function and became a succulent garden.
Filed under: How To